The Bactra Review   Authority, Liberty and Automatic Machinery in Early Modern Europe
There is a strong argument that they did not in Joseph Needham, Wang Ling, and Derek J. de Solla Price, Heavenly Clockwork: The Great Astronomical Clocks of Medieval China (2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, 1986; first ed., 1960). For some reason, this argument is very unpopular among European historians of technology.