The Bactra Review   An Introduction to Natural Computation
For a good introductory account of both signal-detection and foraging theory, along with studies of animal learning, perception, communication, etc., see Sara J. Shettleworth, Cognition, Evolution and Behavior (Oxford UP, 1998).

Recent experiments show that decision-theoretic variables are detectably encoded at the neural level, at least in rhesus monkeys: see Michael L. Platt and Paul W. Glimcher, ``Neural Correlates of Decision Variables in Parietal Cortex,'' Nature 400 (1999): 233--238.